Denix Replica .45 Cal. Peacemaker 7.5” Single Action Army, Cavalry Revolver, USA 1873
The Colt Single Action Army, also known as the Single Action Army, SAA, Model P, Peacemaker, and M1873 is a single-action revolver with a revolving cylinder holding six metallic cartridges. It was designed for the U.S. government service revolver trials of 1872 by Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company—today's Colt's Manufacturing Company—and was adopted as the standard military service revolver until 1892.
The Colt SAA has been offered in over 30 different calibers and various barrel lengths. Its overall appearance has remained consistent since 1873. Colt has cancelled its production twice, but brought it back due to popular demand. The revolver was popular with ranchers, lawmen, and outlaws alike, but as of the early 21st century, models are mostly bought by collectors and re-enactors. Its design has influenced the production of numerous other models from other companies.
The Colt SAA "Peacemaker" revolver is a famous piece of Americana.
Production began in 1873 with the Single Action Army model 1873, also referred to as the "New Model Army Metallic Cartridge Revolving Pistol".
The Colt Single Action Army revolver, along with the 1870 and 1875 Smith & Wesson Model 3 "Schofield" revolver, replaced the Colt 1860 Army Percussion revolver. The Colt quickly gained favor over the S&W and remained the primary U.S. military sidearm until 1892.
By the end of 1874, serial no. 16,000 was reached; 12,500 Colt Single Action Army revolvers chambered for the .45 Colt cartridge had entered service and the remaining revolvers were sold in the civilian market
The Single Action Army became available in standard barrel lengths of 4.75” , 5.5”, and 7.5”. The shorter barreled revolvers are sometimes called the "Fast Draw", "Civilian" or "Gunfighter" model (4.75”), the "Frontier" and the Artillery Model (5.5”), and the "Cavalry" model, (7.5”). The largest, was the "Buntline Special" (12”). There was also a variant with a sub-4-inch barrel, without an ejector rod, unofficially called the "Sheriff's Model", "Banker's Special", or "Storekeeper".
The original Colt Peacemakers were intended for the U.S. Cavalry and ultimately won the West.
Between 1873 and 1890, the government bought 37,060 Colt Single Actions. In spite of the fact that Colt designed its Single Action Army for the cavalry, just over half purchased saw service in that mounted arm. The rest were partitioned among the infantry and artillery, state militia units, the Treasury Department, U.S. Post Office and other government offices.
It was a few months before the firearms could be produced, assessed, transported and issued to the troops. The cavalry was the first branch of service to get the new revolvers. On December 15, the U.S. Chief of Ordnance took delivery of the first shipment. Before long, under the order of the Secretary of War, the Single Action Army revolvers were prepared for shipment to the troops. The initial 2,000 revolvers were sent to the Leavenworth Arsenal for rearming the 6th and 10th Cavalries. The government additionally issued the new 1873 Springfield .45-70 carbines to these units.
The Colts met quick success with cavalry on the frontier, and many officers, as well as some NCO’s, attempted to buy them. Not having the authority to sell arms from a U.S. arsenal to enrolled men, the government sent such letters to Colt's Patent Fire Arms Co. in Hartford.
During the turbulent 1870s-80s, the cavalry depended on the Peacemaker. Smith and Wesson Schofields, improved version of the earlier issued Americans, filled in as optional issue sidearms. Most cavalrymen favored the Colt, despite the fact that the Smith and Wesson was a more finely engineered armament. The Schofield's principle advantage was the simplicity and speed by which a cavalry trooper could separate spent cases and reload once more. Its significant downsides were the small grip size and short hammer spur, which didn't work well for rapid cocking.
Very frequently in a mounted scuffle, troops needed to rapidly reload their pistols, regardless of whether they had not spent the loads. The Colt's single ejection and reloading framework adjusted splendidly to this undertaking, while the Smith & Wesson may either discharge its contents—fired or unfired—or, more regrettable yet, hang up on a live round that had not cleared the cylinder ejector.
The Colt Single Action Army remained the standard-issue sidearm of the cavalry until the early 1890s, when the government started leaning toward the .38 caliber, double-action revolvers.
Colt engraved about one percent of its first-generation production of the Single Action Army revolver, which makes these engraved models extremely rare and valuable with collectors. Engraved pieces were often ordered by or for famous people of the day, including lawmen, heads of state, and captains of industry. This tradition began with the founder, Samuel Colt, who regularly gave such examples away as a means of publicity for Colt.
The power, accuracy and handling qualities of the Single Action Army (SAA) made it a popular sidearm from its inception, well into the 20th century. The association with the history of the American West & American Indian Wars, remain to the present century, and these revolvers remain popular with shooters and collectors. George S. Patton, who began his career in the horse-cavalry, carried a custom-made SAA with ivory grips engraved with his initials and an eagle, which became his trademark. He used it during the Mexican Punitive Expedition of 1916 to kill two of Pancho Villa's lieutenants, and carried it until his death in 1945 shortly after the end of World War II.
The "Peacemaker" became even more famous in the film industry, used in the westerns of the 40s and 50s, associated with big screen stars like John Wayne and Gary Cooper. President Roosevelt had one with his initials engraved and George S. Patton used two.
Enjoy these fine Wild West Replicas and everything they mean to you, created by Denix from Spain!
Also available in Dual Tone Brass & Black Body B-1281/LFeatures & Details
• Non-firing Replica based on the original
• Simulated mechanism for charge and firing
• Single Action
• Rotating Drum
• Barrel Length: 7.5”
• Overall Length: 35 cm
• Material: Nickel, Metal, and Wood handle
• Handle Material: Wood
• Weight: 1020g
• Fires Denix Caps